Biology-CAIE/IGCSE (0610 & 5090)

Cambridge IGCSE & GCE Biology helps learners to understand the biological world in which they live and take an informed interest in science and scientific developments. The syllabus includes the basic principles and concepts that are fundamental to the subject, some current applications of biology, and a strong emphasis on practical skills. Learners also develop an understanding of the scientific skills essential for progression to Cambridge International AS & A Level, further education or a career related to science.

Ordinary Level 5(2 Ratings) 2 Students enrolled
Created by Dr Shehzad Last updated Wed, 10-Jan-2024 English
What will i learn?
  • They will be the best resource to guide you and help you prepare effectively for your Biology exams.

Curriculum for this course
21 Topics
Characteristics and classification of living organisms
6 Sub Topics
  • Basic characteristics of living organisms
  • Reason of classification
  • Ways of classifying the organisms (morphological, biochemical)
  • Basic cell structures of the animals,plants,fungus,protocists and virus.
  • Classification of the vertebrates and invertebrates
  • Constructing and elaborating the dichotomous keys
Organisation of the organism
4 Sub Topics
  • Fundamentals of the cell structure and function
  • Elaboration of the animal and plant cells , comparison and contrast
  • Elaboration of the function of the specialized cell e.g. sperm cell , neuron, root hair and epithelial cells)
  • Organization of the human body in terms of cells, tissues, organ, organ system and organism
Movement into and out of cells
4 Sub Topics
  • Concept of diffusion, osmosis and active transport
  • Role of diffusion in exchange of gases
  • The importance of the active transport in the absorption and reabsorption
  • Significance of the osmosis in the absorption and transport of the water in plants.
Biological molecules
3 Sub Topics
  • Concept of the biological molecules including the protein,carbohydrates ,lipids and nucleic acids
  • Significance of the balanced diet and consequences of the nutritional deficiencies
  • Food tests (Iodines,Benedicts,Biuret,DCPIP & Ethanol emulsion test)
3 Sub Topics
  • Concept of the biological catalysts and its significance in the living bodies
  • Basic mechanism of the enzymatic activity with emphasis on the lock and key hypothesis
  • Factors effecting the enzymatic activity with graphical elaboration
Plant nutrition
5 Sub Topics
  • Basis of the nutrition in terms of the photosynthesis
  • Understanding of the photosynthetic word and chemical equation
  • Structure related to the function of the leaf for effective photosynthsesis
  • Interconversion mechanism of the sugars, proteins and fats and their uses in the plants
  • Concept of the limiting factors with graphical elaboration
Human nutrition
7 Sub Topics
  • Fundamental of the needs and aspects of the human nutrition
  • The structure and physiology of the alimentary canal
  • The role of peristalsis in moving food along the digestive tract
  • Differences between the chemical and physical digestion
  • Chemical digestion and absorption of the carbohydrate, protein and fats
  • Adaptations of the villi to absorb food followed by assimilation in the human body
  • Cholera and its impact on the digestive system
Transport in plants
6 Sub Topics
  • The need of the transport in the plants
  • Structure of the vascular bundles
  • The arrangement of the vascular bundles in the roots, stem and leaves
  • The significance of the transpiration in the transport of water with factors effecting it.
  • The role of translocation in the movement of the sugars and amino acids
  • Concept of source and sink
Transport in animals
7 Sub Topics
  • The need of the transport system in the human beings
  • Elaboration of the components of the transport system including heart, blood vessels and blood
  • Indepth knowledge of the internal and external heart structure
  • The pumping mechanism of the heart, control of the heartbeat, heart problems and their cure
  • Structure related to the function of the arteries, veins and blood capillaries.
  • Identification of the major arteries and veins in the body.
  • Components of the lymphatic system and its role in the human body
Diseases and immunity
6 Sub Topics
  • Definition of the disease
  • concept of common pathogens including bacteria, fungus and viruses
  • mode of the transmission of the disease
  • Active and passive immunity with regard to the immunological memory
  • Difference between natural and artificial immunity
  • Preventive measures to avoid diseases
8 Sub Topics
  • Concept of Respiration
  • Difference between respiration and breathing
  • Components of the respiratory system including nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchus, bronchioles, alveoli
  • The mechanism of the gaseous exchange
  • Adaptations of the alveoli
  • Differences between the aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  • Lactic acid fermentation in human beings and alcoholic fermentation in yeast
  • Elaboration of the graphs during normal and strenuous exercise
Excretion in humans
7 Sub Topics
  • Definition of the term Excretion
  • Significance of metabolism with regard to producing metabolic waste materials in the body
  • Components of the excretory system
  • Longitudinal section of the kidney with elaboration of its multiple layers
  • Understanding of the structure of the nephron
  • Formation of the urine through ultrafiltration and selective reabsorption
  • Role of the kidneys in the osmoregulation
4 Sub Topics
  • Elaboration of the term homeostasis and its significance in maintaining the internal constant environment
  • Structure and role of the skin in the thermoregulation
  • The role of pancreas in regulation of the blood glucose level
  • Osmoregulation
Coordination and response
15 Sub Topics
  • Concept of sensitivity and need of the communication for survival
  • Concept of the nervous system inclusive of the CNS and PNS
  • Structure related to the function of the various neurons inclusive of the sensory, relay and motor neurone
  • Difference between voluntary and involuntary actions
  • Reflex ation and reflex arc
  • Concept of the sense organ with emphasis on the eye
  • Understanding of the various layers of the eye with their role
  • The role of the iris in the pupil reflex
  • The role of the ciliary muscles in the accomodation
  • Significance of the retina in image formation via rod and cone cells
  • The basis of the chemical communication in human beings
  • Concept of glands and hormones
  • Identification of important glands including pituitary gland, pancreas, testis and ovaries
  • Fundamental roles of glands in the maintenance of blood glucose level, water balance, secondary characteristics development
  • Tropic responses in the plants with regard to geotropism, phototropism and its significance in the plants
3 Sub Topics
  • Concept of drug
  • Role of antibiotics in treating the bacterial infection
  • Reason for antibiotic resistance and ways to overcome it
11 Sub Topics
  • Understanding of the term reproduction and its significance
  • Difference between sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Difference between normal body cells and gametes
  • Example of asexual reproduction in the bacteria and plants
  • Advantages and disadvantages of asexual reproduction
  • Sexual reproduction in plants (pollination and its types, process of fertilization, mechanism of the seeds formation, conditions for seeds germination)
  • Advantages and disadvantages of the sexual reproduction
  • need of sexual reproduction in human beings
  • The structure and function of the male and female reproductive system
  • Structure related to the function of the sperm and egg cell;difference between the both
  • Mechanism of the copulation,fertilization,implantaion,development,delivery and pre-post natal care)
7 Sub Topics
  • Concept of inheritance and heredity
  • Mechanism of the protein synthesis via transcription and translation
  • Difference between two fundamental type of cell division (mitosis and meiosis)
  • Concept of Chromosomes, genes, alleles, allele combinations (homozygous and heterozygous)
  • Mendel monohybrid crosses involving transmission of a single characteristic
  • Incomplete dominance, Multiple alleles. Sex-linked inheritance (Hemophilia and color blindness)
  • Pedigree Diagrams
Variation and selection
8 Sub Topics
  • Concept of the variation
  • Difference between phenotypic and genotypic variations
  • Types of the phenotypic variation (Continuous and discontinuous variations)
  • Examples of the different phenotypic variations with graphical elaborations
  • Concept of the natural selection and its mechanism
  • Understanding the significance of the natural selection with reference to malaria, moth and antibiotic resistance in bacteria
  • Artificial selection and its significance
  • Difference between natural selection and artificial breeding
Organisms and their environment
6 Sub Topics
  • Energy and nutrients transfer
  • Concept of the trophic levels (Producers, primary consumers, secondary and tertiary consumers)
  • Energy transfer with help of food chain and food webs
  • Pyramid of numbers, pyramid of biomass and pyramid of energy
  • Nutrient cycles ( carbon and nitrogen cycle)
  • Population growth curves
Human influences on ecosystems
4 Sub Topics
  • Food supply
  • Habitat destruction
  • Pollution
  • Conservation
Biotechnology and genetic modification
6 Sub Topics
  • Understanding the term biotechnology and genetic engineering
  • use of biological materials in detergents, juice extraction and baking
  • Use of penicillium and fermenter to produce penicillin antibiotics
  • Steps of making recombinant bacteria to obtain products of choice
  • Concerns of genetically modified crops
  • Significance of using the microorganisms in biotechnology
Title Lectures Price
Inquiry Based Session-1 lesson 1 11$
Regular Package/ 4 lesson 4 44$
Standard Package/8 Lesson 8 75$
Premium Package/12 12 105$
Fast Track/16 Lesson 16 132$
  • Anyone who want to learn biology can join the class.
  • O Levels
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Cambridge IGCSE Biology develops that we offer at torus uses a set of transferable skills including handling data, practical problem-solving and applying the scientific method. Learners develop relevant attitudes, such as concern for accuracy and precision, objectivity, integrity, enquiry, initiative and inventiveness. They acquire the essential scientific skills required for progression to further studies or employment.

  1. Our approach in Cambridge IGCSE Biology at torus encourages learners to be:

confident, interested in learning about science, questioning ideas and using scientific language to communicate.

their views and opinions

    responsible, working methodically and safely when working alone or collaboratively with others

      reflective, learning from their experiences and interested in scientific issues that affect the individual, the community and the environment

        innovative, solving unfamiliar problems confidently and creatively

        engaged, keen to develop scientific skills, being curious about scientific principles and their application in the world.


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        About the instructor
        • 6 Reviews
        • 6 Students
        • 4 Courses
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        This is Dr. Khurram Shehzad Arain having over 10 years experience of teaching students from multiple streams including Cambridge International Examination,Edexcel & AQA. My exeprtise cover the criteria required for IGCSE,GCSE,GCSE,As & A-Levels Biology. My teaching methodology is diverse that involves use of the modern teaching tools including Pdf Annotator,One Note,Digital Notebooks,Google Classrooms etc. My students will have approach to the finest resources, past paper worksheets both yearly and topicals.The students will have a link to their specific notebooks that can be open with a single click anywhere in the World with the fear of files getting lost.I teach my students upto the standard required by the particular examining body together with developing a firm grip on the key fundamental topics of Biology including Human and Plants anatomy,physiology,biochemistry,environmental Biology with development practical approach on biostatistics,planning investigations,graphical eloborations,data collection and representation.The overall goal is to not only polish the studnets in term of their subject knowledge but also to score the highest marks in the Examination.

        Student feedback
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        • Wed, 27-Dec-2023
          Rania wali
          The teacher has a remarkable ability to explain complex biology, easy understand
        • Mon, 01-Jan-2024
          Abdul Haye
          Thank you sir you this subject very easy for me.
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        • 21 Topics , 130 Sub Topics
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